National Highways in India

    The list of National Highways in India gives a region wide listing of the Indian Highways, a class of roads maintained by the National Highways Authority of India. These are the main long-distance roadways in India and one of the highly used means of transport in India. They play a significant role in the Indian economy

    The National Highways, the majority 2 lane (one in each direction), constitute a total of about 65,000 km (40,000 mi), out of which 5,840 km (3,630 mi)is to be converted into "Swarna Chathuspatha" or Golden Quadrilateral, a project commenced by the NDA Government led by Mr.Atal Bihari Vajpayee.(Source, The Hindu, Dt. June 7, 2008 : K. H. Muniyappa, Union Minister of State for Surface Transport) of which 4,885 km (3,035 mi) are median-separated express highways. In some more developed areas it may broaden to 4 lanes. Closer to big cities, highways can even be of 8 lanes. Highways in India are around 2% of the total road network in India, but carries nearly 40% of the total road traffic. The National Highways (Amendment) Bill, 1995, provides for private investment in the building and maintenance of these arteries of India.

    The longest National Highway is the NH 7 which is from Varanasi to Kanyakumari passing through Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal covering a distance of 4,572 km (2,841 mi), as of Sep 2011 as per National Highways Authority of India [1]. The shortest National Highway is the NH 47A (5.9 km (3.7 mi)), which connects Kundanoor Junction of maradu in Kochi city to the Kochi port at Willingdon Island. India has the distinction of having the world’s highest drivable highway connecting Manali to Leh in Ladakh, Kashmir.

List of National Highways in India
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