Right to Education Act in India

Right to Education has been universally recognized since the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, and have since been reinforced or enshrine by many legally binding internationalcovenants and conventions as well as variousnational constitutions and development plans.
Although majority of the nations have signed and ratified international conventions(UN Convention on the Rights of the Child),far fewer have integrated these rights into their national constitutions or provided legislative and administrative frameworks to ensure that these rights are realized in practice.
Human rights are regarded as worth of respect and protection. They are considered essential for the eight aspects of the good governance agenda1 in, for example, advocating for participation and inclusiveness as well as transparency and rule of law. Although there is wide acceptance of human rights, a wide gap between theory and practice is noticeable.
  • Every child between the ages of 6 to 14 years has the right to free and compulsory education. This is stated as per the 86th Constitution AmendmentAct added Article 21A. The right to education act seeks to give effect to this amendment
  • The government schools shall provide free education to all the children and the schools will be managed by school management committees (SMC). Private schools shall admit at least 25% of the children in their schools without any fee.
  • The National Commission for Elementary Education shall be constituted tomonitor all aspects of elementary education including quality
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